Adoption of Low Methane Emission Techniques in Rice Farming by Vietnam

Mintec Global
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In Vietnam, rice farmers are embracing innovative methods to cultivate rice with reduced methane emissions. A sign heralding a new era in sustainable agriculture.

AWD Method – Reducing Water Usage and Methane Emissions

The AWD method, now widely adopted by rice growers in Vietnam, conserves water by approximately 30% compared to traditional flooding methods. By periodically drying the fields, this technique facilitates the entry of oxygen into the soil. Thereby inhibiting the proliferation of methane-producing bacteria. This reduction in methane emissions is critical, as methane is known to trap significantly more heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide, contributing to global warming.

The adoption of low methane-emission rice cultivation practices aligns with global efforts to mitigate climate change. According to the United Nations, rice farming accounts for approximately 8% of all human-made methane emissions worldwide. By implementing sustainable methods like AWD, Vietnam is making strides toward reducing its environmental footprint. Also, while maintaining its status as one of the world’s leading rice exporters.

Technological Integration by Enhancing Efficiency and Productivity

In addition to AWD, rice farmers in Vietnam are integrating advanced technologies, such as drones, into their agricultural practices. Drones are utilized to precisely administer organic fertilizers, optimizing nutrient distribution while minimizing labor costs. This precision application also prevents nitrogen gas emissions from the soil, further contributing to environmental conservation efforts. The transition to low methane-emission rice cultivation not only benefits the environment but also yields economic advantages for farmers and exporters. By reducing production costs and increasing profits, farmers can improve their livelihoods while contributing to sustainable agricultural practices. Moreover, the utilization of organic fertilizers enhances the marketability of rice. Particularly in European markets, as they prioritize environmentally friendly products.

Scaling Up Sustainable Agriculture

As the adoption of AWD and other low-emission rice cultivation methods gains momentum, stakeholders in Vietnam, including the government and private sector entities like the Loc Troi Group, are committed to expanding these practices. With plans to extend AWD farming to 300,000 hectares. The Loc Troi Group aims to lead the transition towards sustainable agriculture on a larger scale. Similarly, the Vietnamese government has set ambitious targets to cultivate low-emissions rice on 1 million hectares by 2030.

Vietnam’s embrace of low methane-emission rice cultivation marks a significant step towards achieving environmental sustainability and economic prosperity. By leveraging innovative techniques and advanced technologies, rice farmers and exporters are pioneering a new era of agriculture characterized by efficiency, profitability, and environmental stewardship. As Vietnam continues to lead the way in sustainable rice cultivation, it sets a precedent for global agricultural practices, demonstrating the transformative power of innovation and collaboration in building a brighter, greener future.