In the current season, groundnut cultivation in Rajasthan has witnessed an impressive surge, with sowing surpassing last year’s figures by 25 to 30 percent. While the previous season saw groundnut sown across approximately 0.8 million hectares, the current season boasts an expanded cultivation area of 1.1 million hectares. However, the key to a successful harvest now hinges on a vital element—rain.
Market traders opine that if the groundnut crop receives precipitation by September 15th, the yield could soar to an impressive 2.1 to 2.2 million tonnes. Conversely, a lack of rain could lead to a potential loss of up to 0.2 million tonnes in yield. Encouragingly, some parts of Rajasthan witnessed rainfall last week, resulting in a noticeable transformation in the groundnut crop’s appearance—an auspicious sign for enhanced production.
Rainfall expectations for a bountiful harvest
This year, thanks to an additional month due to it being a leap year, the crop’s final stages are experiencing a slight delay. Meteorological forecasts predict the possibility of substantial rainfall until September 15th, raising hopes for a bountiful harvest. While last year’s groundnut production stood at 1.6 million tonnes, this season promises to surpass that. The cultivation patterns in Rajasthan’s three major groundnut belts—Jaipur, Bikaner, and Jodhpur—have shifted. Bikaner and Jodhpur increasingly cultivate larger groundnut varieties, whereas Jaipur favours TJ and Java varieties. Typically, Rajasthan leans towards the Badi variety, but this year, TJ and Java varieties are projected to outpace Badi in cultivation.
Compared to Rajasthan, groundnut sowing has exceeded expectations in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, naturally paving the way for increased yields. A timely rain within one to two weeks could lead to a remarkable recovery in pod development and grain quality. Anticipations suggest that Rajasthan may witness up to 0.5 million bags of groundnut in the last week of September. Thus, the forecasts do not indicate significant further price increases.