Shrinking Cultivation Areas and Crop Damage Spark Concerns for Sesame Farmers in India

Sesame Sowing Faces a Rainfall Challenge in India Shrinking Cultivation Areas and Crop Damage Spark Concerns for Sesame Farmers

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Sesame cultivation is facing challenges this year. The total area allocated for planting oilseeds and sesame in both the Kharif and Rabi seasons has shrunk by 99K hectares, dropping from last year’s 1.296 million hectares to the current 1.197 million hectares in the Kharif season. While the sowing process has mostly been completed, concerns are arising due to insufficient rainfall, which has been detrimental to the crops.

State-wise Sesame Production Changes

According to recent data from the Union Agriculture Ministry, compared to the previous year, the sesame production area has significantly reduced in several states during this Kharif season. In Andhra Pradesh, it has decreased from 19K hectares to 6K hectares, in Gujarat from 72K hectares to 58K hectares, and in Uttar Pradesh from 0.401 million hectares to 3.52 million hectares. Similarly, Rajasthan saw a decline from 0.265 million hectares to 0.238 million hectares. However, Madhya Pradesh managed to buck the trend, improving its sesame sowing area from 0.394 million hectares to 0.415 million hectares. Sesame remains a popular crop in various states across the country.

Rainfall Woes and Crop Damage

The overall sesame cultivation area has contracted from 1.39 million hectares last year to 1.24 million hectares this time, with Maharashtra witnessing a decline from 6 thousand hectares to 4 thousand hectares. Until mid-August, sesame crops in major growing regions were in decent condition, and farmers were hopeful that timely rains would bolster their prospects. Unfortunately, the much-needed rain did not materialize, and August passed without substantial precipitation. This has resulted in significant damage to the sesame crop, particularly in areas reliant on rainwater. The sesame crop is now in dire need of substantial rainfall across its major cultivation zones.

In conclusion, the sesame cultivation industry is grappling with reduced sowing areas and crop damage due to insufficient rainfall, posing significant challenges for farmers across various states. The future success of sesame crops depends on much-needed precipitation in its major cultivation zones.

The Sesame seeds hulled 99.95% sortex prices were Recorded at $2,55 per kg FOB.


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